Oklahoma Statute

OKLAHOMA STATUTE
TITLE 158. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES BOARD
CHAPTER 70. HOME INSPECTORS ACT
SUBCHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
158:70-1-3. Standards of workmanship and practice

(a) General Requirements.
(1) These standards of practice are the minimum levels of inspection practice
required of inspectors for the components and systems identified in these rules.
Home inspections performed in accordance with these standards of practice are
intended to provide the client with information regarding the condition of the
systems and components at the time of the inspection.
(2) The inspector shall be governed by the following general requirements:
(A) The inspector shall inspect all readily accessible installed systems
and components listed in these standards of practice.
(B) The inspector shall complete a written inspection report in
accordance with these standards and submit the report to the client within
an agreed upon time frame.
(C) The inspector shall identify in any written report the client, the
inspector who performed the inspection by name and license number and
the address of the inspected property.
(D) The inspector shall report:
(i) those systems and components inspected, which in the
professional opinion of the inspector, are in normal working order;
(ii) those systems and components inspected which, in the
professional opinion of the inspector, are not in normal working
order and the reason, if not self-evident;
(iii) those systems and components inspected which, in the
professional opinion of the inspector, could impair the safety of the
occupants or client and the reason, if not self-evident;
(iv) the inspector’s recommendations to have corrected, further
evaluated or monitored any reported condition or defect; and,
(v) any systems and components designated for inspection in
these standards, which were present at the time of the Home
Inspection but were not inspected and the reason they were not
inspected.
(3) These standards of practice are not intended to limit inspectors from:
(A) including other inspection services or inspecting other systems or
components in addition to those required by these Standards;
(B) providing a higher level of inspection performance than required by
these Standards;
(C) reporting other observations or conditions in addition to those
required by these Standards; or,
(D) excluding systems and components from the inspection, if requested
by the client in writing.
(4) Beginning July 1, 2006 all home inspectors shall maintain a log or record of
all home inspections performed, for a minimum period of five years from the date
of inspection. The log or record shall include the name of the client, the address of
the property, and the date of the inspection. The home inspector shall maintain a
copy of all home inspections completed within the past 36 months. The log or
record and inspection reports may be a hard file or an electronic file and shall be
maintained at the home inspector’s principal business address. The files shall be
available for review upon request of an authorized representative of the
Construction Industries Board.

(5) A home inspector who visually examines any portion of a residential unit
that is part of a real property consisting of more than four (4) dwelling units, shall
advise, in writing, the person requesting the visual examination that the visual
examination being conducted by the home inspector is not governed by the Act
and these rules.
(b) General limitations and exclusions.
(1) The inspector is not required to perform any action or make any
determination not specifically stated in these Standards of Practice.
(2) Inspections performed in accordance with these standards are not required to
be technically exhaustive, will not identify concealed conditions or latent defects
and are only applicable to buildings with four or fewer dwelling units and their
garages, both attached and detached, or carports.
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) perform any action or make any determination unless specifically
stated in these Standards, except as may be required by lawful authority;
(B) determine the condition of systems or components which are not
readily accessible;
(C) determine the remaining life of any system or component;
(D) determine the strength, adequacy, effectiveness, efficiency or
insurability of any system or component;
(E) determine the causes of any condition or defect;
(F) determine the methods or materials for repair or correction of any
defect;
(G) determine future conditions including, but not limited to, failure of
systems and components;
(H) determine the suitability of the property for any specialized use or
compliance with any regulatory requirements other than this Chapter;
(I) determine the presence of potentially hazardous plants or animals
including, but not limited to, wood destroying organisms, mold, mildew,
fungi, or diseases harmful to humans;
(J) determine the presence of any environmental hazards including, but
not limited to, toxins, carcinogens, noise, and contaminants in soil, water,
or air;
(K) determine the effectiveness of any system installed or methods
utilized to control or remove suspected hazardous substances;
(L) determine the operating costs of any system or component;
(M) determine the acoustical properties of any system or component;
(N) perform engineering or architectural services or perform work in any
trade or professional service other than home inspections;
(O) provide warranties or guarantees of any kind;
(P) operate any system or component which is shut down or otherwise
inoperable or turn on any utility services;
(Q) operate any system or component which does not respond to normal
operating controls, or shut-off valves;
(R) enter any area which will, in the opinion of the inspector, likely be
dangerous to the inspector or other persons or may damage the property or
its systems or components;
(S) enter the under-floor crawl spaces, attics or any area which, in the
opinion of the inspector, is not readily accessible;
(T) inspect or determine the integrity of underground systems or
components, including, but not limited to, main drain lines connecting to
sewers, water lines, gas lines, electrical lines and underground storage
tanks or other underground indications of their presence whether
abandoned or active;
(U) inspect systems or components which are not installed, decorative
items, systems or components located in areas that are not entered in
accordance with these Standards, detached structures other than garages
and carports, or common elements and areas in multi-unit housing, such as
condominium properties or cooperative housing;
(V) move suspended ceiling tiles, personal property, furniture,
equipment, plants, soil, snow, ice, or debris;
(W) dismantle any system or component, except as explicitly required
by these rules; or,
(X) light any standing gas pilot light that does not have a spark-ignitor,
including but not limited to heating systems, water heaters and fireplaces;
or,
(Y) determine the cost to correct any defect or provide cost estimates.
(4) The inspector shall not:
(A) offer or perform any act or service contrary to law;
(B) determine or report on the market value of the property or its
marketability;
(C) report on the advisability of the purchase of the property; or,
(D) advertise or solicit to perform repair services on the inspected home
for a period of one (1) year from the date of the inspection.
(c) Structural system inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect:
(A) the foundation structure including slabs, piers, columns, posts, stem
walls;
(B) the floor structure including beams, girders, joists, trusses, sill plates,
blocking, bracing, drilling, notching and sub floors;
(C) the wall structure;
(D) the roof structure including rafters, trusses, sheathing, blocking,
bracing, drilling, notching and fire stops;
(E) the ceiling structure including joists, trusses, blocking, bracing,
drilling, notching and fire stops at ceiling penetrations; and,
(F) the crawlspace, basement and attic moisture conditions and
indicators of harmful water penetration or condensation on structural
components.
(2) The inspector is required to:
(A) describe the foundation, floor structure, roof structure, ceiling
structure and wall structure;
(B) describe indicators of foundation or structural movement;
(C) enter the crawlspace and attic to determine the general condition of
the components;
(D) report the method used to observe the crawlspace and attic if the
inspector did not enter; and,
(E) probe structural components where deterioration is suspected or
where clear indications of possible deterioration exist. Probing is not
required where no deterioration is visible.
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) enter a crawlspace or any foundation area where the headroom is
less than 18 inches, the access opening is less than 18 inches by 24 inches,
where the area is excessively wet, or where the inspector reasonably
determines the conditions or materials are hazardous to the safety of the
inspector;
(B) enter an attic space where head room is less than 30 inches, the
access opening is less than 18 inches wide by 24 inches long, or where the
inspector reasonably determines conditions or materials are hazardous to
the safety of the inspector; or
(C) perform any invasive or destructive inspection.
(d) Exterior inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect:
(A) the exterior wall covering, trim, flashings, caulking and protective
coatings;
(B) all exterior doors and locking devices;
(C) overhead garage doors and garage door openers including safety
mechanisms;
(D) storm windows and doors;
(E) attached decks/patios, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their
associated railings;
(F) eaves, soffits and fascias;
(G) driveways and walkways leading to dwelling entrances;
(H) vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining walls on the
property when any of these are likely to have an adverse affect on the
structure; and,
(I) the primary garage or carport.
(2) The inspector shall describe:
(A) the exterior wall covering;
(B) attached decks/patios and balconies;
(C) driveways; and,
(D) walkways.
(3) The inspector is not required to inspect:
(A) screening, shutters, awnings, and similar seasonal accessories;
(B) fences;
(C) geotechnical or hydrological conditions;
(D) recreational facilities;
(E) detached structures except the primary garage or carport;
(F) seawalls, break-walls, and docks; or,
(G) erosion control and earth stabilization measures.
(e) Roof system inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect the:
(A) roof covering;
(B) roof drainage systems;
(C) flashings;
(D) skylights;
(E) chimneys;
(F) attic ventilation covers; and,
(G) other roof penetrations.
(2) The inspector shall describe:
(A) the roof covering;
(B) The inspector shall report;
(C) the number of layers of roof covering;
(D) asphalt/composition shingles over wood shingles; and,
(E) the methods used to inspect the roof.
(3) The inspector is not required to inspect:
(A) the interiors of flues or chimneys;
(B) antennae; or,
(C) other installed accessories.
(f) Plumbing system inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect:
(A) the interior water supply and distribution systems and components;
(B) the connections, flow and drainage of fixtures, and fittings at
bathtubs, showers, sinks, toilets and the exterior hose bibs immediately
adjacent to the structure;
(C) the clothes washing machine faucets and drains, unless a washing
machine is in place;
(D) drain, waste and vent systems and components;
(E) the shower and bathtub enclosure surfaces;
(F) the water heating equipment, safety devices/valves, clearances, vent
systems, flues and chimneys, gas supply piping and gas shut off valves;
(G) the fuel storage and/or fuel distribution systems; and,
(H) the drainage sumps, sump pumps and related piping.
(2) The Inspector shall describe:
(A) water supply piping materials;
(B) drain, waste, and vent piping materials;
(C) the water heating equipment and the energy sources; and,
(D) the location of the main water shut-off, main fuel shut-off and the
house sewer cleanout.
(E) the presence of any shade of yellow corrugated stainless steel tubing
(“CSST”) flexible gas piping observed during the inspection in which the
inspector is not required to identify concealed conditions, components not
readily accessible, or any other item excepted from inspection pursuant to
158:70-1-3. If any shade of yellow CSST flexible gas piping is observed,
the home inspector shall notify the c lient, in writing, as follows:
“Manufacturers believe the product is safer if properly bonded and
grounded as required by the manufacturer’s installation instructions.
Proper bonding and grounding of the product can only be determined by a
licensed electrical contractor.”
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) inspect the interiors of flues or chimneys, wells, well pumps, or
water storage related equipment, water conditioning systems, solar water
heating systems, fire and lawn sprinkler systems, or private waste disposal
systems,
(B) determine the quantity or quality of the water supply;
(C) determine whether water supply and waste disposal are public or
private;
(D) operate safety valves, shut-off valves or washing machine hose
connections, if installed appliances are present; or,
(E) use technically exhaustive techniques to determine the water
tightness or integrity of shower pans or enclosures.
(g) Electrical system inspection requirements.
(1) Except as provided in 158:70-1-3(b), the Inspector shall inspect:
(A) The service drop;
(B) the service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways;
(C) the service equipment and main disconnects;
(D) the service grounding;
(E) the interior components of service panels and sub panels by
removing the panel dead front covers;
(F) the branch circuit conductors, over current protection devices and the
compatibility of the conductors with the device;
(G) conduit, wiring and splicing including the basement, crawl space
and attic;
(H) interior and exterior installed lighting fixtures, switches and ceiling
fans;
(I) receptacles including polarity and grounding, ground fault circuit
interrupters and arc fault circuit interrupters; and,
(J) exterior electrical components that provide service to a qualifying
garage or carport.
(2) The Inspector shall describe:
(A) the amperage and voltage rating of the service;
(B) the wiring methods;
(C) the location of main disconnect(s), distribution panels and sub
panels;
(D) the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring;
and,
(E) the absence of smoke detectors.
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) inspect remote control devices unless the device is the only control
device, alarm systems and components, low voltage wiring systems and
components or ancillary wiring systems and components not a part of the
primary electrical power distribution system;
(B) measure amperage, voltage/voltage drop, or impedance;
(C) insert any tool, probe or testing device inside panels or dismantle
any electrical device or control other than to remove the dead front covers
of the main and sub panels; or,
(D) test or operate any over current protection device except ground
fault and arc fault circuit interrupters.
(h) Heating, Air conditioning and distribution system inspection requirements.
(1) Heating systems.
(A) The inspector shall open readily openable access panels
(B) The inspector shall inspect:
(i) the installed heating equipment including backup heating
devices;
(ii) controls;
(iii) heating operation;
(iv) burners and burner chambers in fuel fired heating systems;
(v) combustion air provisions;
(vi) gas supply piping and shut off valve;
(vii) electrical supply provisions and disconnects;
(viii) clearances;
(ix) vent systems, flues, and chimneys; and,
(x) bathroom supplemental heating appliances.
(C) The inspector shall describe the heating methods by their distinguishing characteristics and the energy sources.
(D) The inspector is not required to:
(i) inspect the interiors of flues or chimneys, humidifiers or
dehumidifiers, solar space heating systems, and heat exchangers;
(ii) measure amperage of electric heating elements.
(2) Air conditioning systems.
(A) The inspector shall open readily openable access panels.
(B) The inspector shall inspect:
(i) installed cooling equipment;
(ii) cooling operation;
(iii) condensate disposal provisions;
(iv) the electrical supply provisions and disconnect; and,
(v) the refrigerant lines.
(C) The inspector shall describe the cooling methods by their
distinguishing characteristics and the energy sources.
(D) The inspector is not required to:
(i) verify sizing or component matching; or,
(ii) operate equipment when outdoor temperatures may cause
damage to the equipment.
(3) Heat and air conditioning distribution systems.
(A) The inspector shall inspect:
(i) plenums and ducts with associated supports, insulation, supply
registers and return grills;
(ii) radiators and piping;
(iii) filters; and,
(iv) main air handler’s fans and blowers.
(B) The inspector shall describe the type of conditioned air distribution
system.
(C) The inspector is not required to:
(i) inspect electronic air filters, heat reclamation equipment or
dampers;
(ii) determine duct leakage or calculate duct sizing; or,
(iii) determine the uniformity, adequacy, or distribution balance of
the heat or cooling supply to habitable rooms.
(i) Interior inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect:
(A) walls, ceilings and floors of the dwelling and garage;
(B) steps, stairways, balconies and railings;
(C) doors and windows including operation, glazing and thermal pane
seals;
(D) installed cabinets and countertops; and,
(E) indicators of harmful water penetration or condensation on interior
and structural components.
(2) The inspector shall describe the walls, ceilings and floors.
(3) The inspector is not required to inspect:
(A) paint, wallpaper, and other finish treatments;
(B) carpeting and other floor coverings;
(C) window treatments;
(D) the operation of interior door locks, latches and devices; or,
(E) recreational facilities.
(j) Insulation and ventilation inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect:
(A) insulation and vapor retarders/barriers in unfinished spaces,
(B) ventilation of attics and foundation areas,
(C) mechanical ventilation systems
(D) the clothes dryer exhaust system.
(2) The inspector shall describe:
(A) the insulation and vapor retarders or barriers in unfinished spaces;
and,
(B) the absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at conditioned
surfaces.
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) disturb insulation or vapor retarders or barriers;
(B) operate powered attic vents; or,
(C) determine indoor air quality.
(k) Appliance inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect the:
(A) food waste disposal;
(B) range/stove, regardless of whether it is an installed or free standing
appliance;
(C) cook top;
(D) oven(s);
(E) dishwasher;
(F) ventilation equipment or range hoods;
(G) installed microwave;
(H) trash compactor; and,
(I) gas appliance connectors and shut off valves.
(2) The inspector shall describe the range/stove, cook top and oven(s) by the
energy source.
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) operate appliances in all modes or self-cleaning cycles; or,
(B) inspect clocks, timers, thermostats or household appliances not listed
in these standards.
(l) Fireplaces and solid fuel burning appliances inspection requirements.
(1) The inspector shall inspect the:
(A) hearth and hearth extension;
(B) damper;
(C) gas supply; and,
(D) the firebox, vent systems, flues and chimneys.
(2) The inspector shall describe:
(A) the fireplaces;
(B) solid fuel burning appliances; and,
(C) chimneys.
(3) The inspector is not required to:
(A) inspect the interiors of flues or chimneys, the fire screens and doors,
the seals and gaskets, the automatic fuel feed devices, the mantels and
fireplace surrounds, the combustion make-up air devices, the heat
distribution assists whether gravity controlled or fan assisted or free
standing solid fuel burning appliances;
(B) ignite or extinguish fires;
(C) determine draft characteristics; and,
(D) move fireplace inserts, stoves or firebox contents.